39/50.- Cairo, Egyptian
The Middle Empire lasted more or
less 500 years. The reunification of Egypt brought back part of the
lost power to the pharaohs, and new pyramids and temples were constructed. At the end of this period the oldest parts of the temple of Karnak
(in Luxor) were built.
In 1550 BC with the 18th dynasty begins the
New Empire. This was, probably, old Egypt's golden age.
Amon Ra was the new god for this new age that lasted more than
During the New Empire the biggest and most
beautiful temples were erected: the Temple
of Luxor, Amenhotep I, 1525-1504; the Valley
of the Kings, Tuthmosis I, 1504-1492; the Memnon
Colossus, Amenotep III, 1391-1353; the Hatsetsup Tomb, 1473-1458, in the
Valley of the Queens; and Abu
Simbel, Ramses II, 1290-1224.
The last famous pharaoh was Ramses III (1194-1163). After several
invasions the country was finally occupied by Alexander who founded
Alexandria. Some years later the most famous queen of all times ruled
in Egypt: Cleopatra.