The famous Avignon Festival was founded in 1947 by Jean Vilar. It all began when Jean Vilar was invited to perform a play in Avignon --"Murder in the Cathedral" by T.S. Eliot. He refused the offer. Instead, he proposed the performance of three new plays - Shakespeare's "Richard II", Paul Claudel's "Tobie et Sara" and "La Terrasse de Midi" -, giving birth to the Avignon Theater Festival.
During the following 17 years, the Festival was the work of one man, Jean Vilar. He wanted to bring a young audience to this festival. For this reason he brought a type of theater completely different from the official one performed in big cities, mainly in Paris.
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