13/50.- Hierapolis, necropolis


A guided tour of Pamukkale begins with a visit of the ruins of Hierapolis, the city founded in the 2nd century BC and called Holy City (hierapolis) because of the numerous temples it had. But Hierapolis is famous for its necropolis spreading over 2 kilometers. The northern cemetery ranks as one of the largest and best-preserved examples in Anatolia with 1,200 tombs including Hellenistic tumuli, Roman sarcophagi, burial chambers, temples to the dead and complete burial grounds from Early Christian times. Over 300 inscriptions describe the cemetery's development and the origins of the dead. In Roman times Hierapolis functioned as a thermal spa center. Walking along the main street leading to the city are the remains of a large 5th century AD basilica-style church (formerly baths).

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