A period of decline followed the Discoveries Age. In 1580 Portugal lost its independence, when the Spanish Hapsburg Philip II claimed the Portuguese Throne. Portugal would not recover its independence till 1640 when the royal house of Bragança established itself.
Lisbon and Portugals economy were strongly hit by the 1755 quake, this favored the Napoleonic invasion, which lead Pedro III to move to Brazil, where he established the court.
In the picture you can see one of the typical Tramways.
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