The construction of this cathedral began in 1296, its original layout was designed by the architect Arnolfo di Cambio. In 1334 Giotto continued the works, and a few years later Francesco Talenti and Lapo Ghini finished the cathedral. In 1436 Filippo Brunelleschi added the famous dome.
The original facade was demolished in 1587 (we dont know the reason), and the sculptures that decorated it were brought to the "Museo dellOpera del Duomo". The facade you are looking at is a work of 1887, when de Fabris tried to imitate the original one.
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