5/26.- Amsterdam, Dam square: Nationaal Monument


This white stone pillar was built in 1956 in memory of the victims of the Second World War. Designed by Dutch architect J.J.P. Oud, the monument statues of men, woman and child, and men and dogs symbolize respectively war, peace and resistance. There are 12 urns at the rear containing earth from the 11 provinces and from the Dutch West Indies. The Dam becomes a central place during the national “Dodenherdenking” (Remembrance of the Dead) held annually on May 4 in the Netherlands. Since 1961, it also commemorates the victims of wars and peacekeeping missions that took place after World War II.

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