3/25.- Chichen Itza, Pyramid of Kukulcan


Chichen Itza was inhabited since the 5th century AD. The first inhabitants chose this location because of the existence of two natural wells (or cenotes), which provided water to this arid region.

In the 10th century a ruler from Central Mexico conquered the place, and made of Chichen Itza the most powerful capital of Yucatan. He was named after the Feathered Serpent Mayan God Kukulcan (or Quetzalcoatl).

In 1221 there was a revolt, and the political power was moved, but the place remained a pilgrimage center till the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th century.

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