Pergamum was also famous in the Hellenistic and Roman times for its library, the second largest of the time after Alexandria. The name of the city was given to the kind of parchment used for writing which was invented here and known as pergaminus. This was made of fine calf skin, a predecessor of vellum. In the first century AD the Christian Church at Pergamum was one of the Seven Churches to which the Book of Revelation was addressed. In the picture you can see the theater built in Hellenistic times and restored in Roman times. It is located on the edge of the Acropolis and is the steepest theater in Turkey with a seating capacity of 10.000 spectators.
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